Translation and Psychometric Analysis of Urdu Version of Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living in Older Adults

Authors

  • Maham Iftikhar Student of Doctor of Physical therapy, Student, Institute of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Gujrat campus
  • Faiza Asghar BSPT, tDPT, Lecturer, University Institute of Physical Therapy, the University of Chenab, Gujrat, Pakistan
  • Hafiz Usman Asad DPT, Mphil PT., Lecturer, University Institute of Physical Therapy, the University of Chenab, Gujrat, Pakistan
  • Faryal Kashif DPT, MSK, Lecturer, University Institute of Physical Therapy, the University of Chenab, Gujrat, Pakistan
  • Abdul Hanan MSSPT, Lecturer, University Institute of Physical Therapy, the University of Chenab, Gujrat, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47672/ejhs.1591
Abstract views: 143
PDF downloads: 77

Keywords:

Functional Status, Katz, ADL, Older Adults, Reliability, Validity

Abstract

Purpose: To translate the Katz index from English to Urdu and to establish its validity and reliability in older individuals.

Methodology: A cross sectional study was done in which the Katz index was adapted cross culturally after translated in Urdu. The elder adults of Wazirabad were the source of the data. The technique utilized was non-probability convenience sampling. Participants 60 years of age and older were included. For the translation Beaton guidelines were followed. The whole procedure of translation was done under the guidance of expert panel. Data were collected from the 102 older adults through the Urdu version of Katz index and Urdu version of Barthel index for association. Consent was taken from each participant. Data analysis was carried out using IBM SPSS 20 and was presented through tables and graphs.

Findings: Among 102 participants, 67 females (65.7%) and 35 males (34.3%) were included. There mean age was 68 with the standard deviation of 7.02. Cronbach's alpha value was 0.754 which indicates the good internal consistency of Urdu version of Katz index. The intra class correlation coefficient for the translated version was ICC 0.994(95%CI: 0.994-0.997). The correlation value r=0.953, p<0.01 shows its strong association with Urdu version of Barthel index indicating that the Urdu Katz index has good convergent validity.

Recommendations: The Katz index scale's Urdu version was found to be valid, accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. It can be extensively used by practitioners.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Arik G, Varan HD, Yavuz BB, Karabulut E, Kara O, Kilic MK, et al. Validation of Katz index of independence in activities of daily living in Turkish older adults. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics. 2015;61(3):344-50.

Silveira LTYd, Silva JMd, Soler JMP, Sun CYL, Tanaka C, Fu C. Assessing functional status after intensive care unit stay: the Barthel Index and the Katz Index. International Journal for Quality in Health Care. 2018;30(4):265-70.

Hartigan I. A comparative review of the Katz ADL and the Barthel Index in assessing the activities of daily living of older people. International journal of older people nursing. 2007;2(3):204-12.

Wallace M, Shelkey M. Monitoring functional status in hospitalized older adults. AJN The American Journal of Nursing. 2008;108(4):64-71.

Chui D, Yeung C, Choi C, Leung M, Lui Y, Tam W, et al. 1047 VALIDATION OF THE CHINESE VERSION OF THE KATZ INDEX OF INDEPENDENCE IN ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING. Age and Ageing. 2022;51(Supplement_2):afac126. 064.

Peter RM, Logaraj M, Ramraj B. Association of comorbidities with Activity of Daily Living (ADL) in a community-based sample of older adults in Tamil Nadu, India. Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health. 2022;15:101068.

Rosso AL, Taylor JA, Tabb LP, Michael YL. Mobility, disability, and social engagement in older adults. Journal of aging and health. 2013;25(4):617-37.

Cabañero-Martínez MJ, Cabrero-García J, Richart-Martínez M, Muñoz-Mendoza CL. The Spanish versions of the Barthel index (BI) and the Katz index (KI) of activities of daily living (ADL): A structured review. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics. 2009;49(1):e77-e84.

Azad A, Mohammadinezhad T, Taghizadeh G, Lajevardi L. Clinical assessment of activities of daily living in acute stroke: Validation of the Persian version of Katz Index. Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran. 2017;31:30.

Gallasch CH, Vieira HWD, Lucchesi PAdO, Balbinotti MAA, Rebustini F, Ferretti-Rebustini REdL. Validity of Katz Index to assess dependency in patients on oncology treatment. Acta Paulista de Enfermagem. 2022;35.

Hermodsson Y, Ekdahl C. Early planning of care and rehabilitation after amputation for vascular disease by means of Katz Index of Activities of Daily Living. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. 1999;13(4):234-9.

Mystakidou K, Tsilika E, Parpa E, Mitropoulou E, Panagiotou I, Galanos A, et al. Activities of daily living in Greek cancer patients treated in a palliative care unit. Supportive Care in Cancer. 2013;21:97-105.

Rathnayake N, Karunadasa R, Abeygunasekara T, De Zoysa W, Palangasinghe D, Lekamwasam S. Katz index of activities of daily living in assessing functional status of older people: Reliability and validity of Sinhala version. Dialogues in Health. 2023;2:100134.

Mustafa K, Waqas S, Dar RK, Dar RK, Sherazi QUA, Tariq M, et al. Translation and Validation of Barthel Index in Urdu Language for Stroke Patients. Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences. 2022;16(03):163-.

Kline RB. Principles and practice of structural equation modeling: Guilford publications; 2023.

Peters KA, Howe TJ, Rossiter D, Hutchinson KJ, Rosell PA. The Abbreviated Mental Test Score; Is There a Need for a Contemporaneous Update? Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation. 2021;12:21514593211001047.

Beaton DE, Bombardier C, Guillemin F, Ferraz MB. Guidelines for the process of cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures. Spine. 2000;25(24):3186-91.

Downloads

Published

2023-09-27

How to Cite

Iftikhar, M. ., Asghar, F. ., Asad, H. U. ., Kashif, F. ., & Hanan, A. . (2023). Translation and Psychometric Analysis of Urdu Version of Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living in Older Adults. European Journal of Health Sciences, 9(3), 18 - 25. https://doi.org/10.47672/ejhs.1591

Issue

Section

Articles