• Eric Jepherson Muhalia Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Dr. Patrick Karanja Ngugi Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Dr. Makori Moronge Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology




Transport Management Systems, Supply Chain Performance, Fast-Moving Consumer Goods


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of transportation management systems on supply chain performance of FMCG in Kenya

Methodology: The study adopted descriptive research design. The unit of observation was the operations manager of the 51 FMCG manufacturers located in Nairobi. The sampling frame of the current study consisted of operations managers in the manufacturers of the FMCGs in Nairobi. The study used the census method to select 51 manufacturers of the FMCGs in Nairobi, thus the sample of the study was 51 respondents. Primary data was used in the study. The study used questionnaires to collect data. Mixed methods technique of analyzing data was used where both descriptive and inferential analysis were used. The data collected from the field was analyzed using SPSS 23 program. The questionnaires were referenced and the items in them coded for easier data entry. The presentation of the findings was done using tables.

Results: The study found that transport management systems positively and significantly influences Supply chain performance of FMCG in Kenya. The study established that transport management systems provides trade compliance information and documentation; transport management systems make it easier for businesses to manage and optimize their transportation operations, whether they are by land, air, or sea; transport management systems ensures timely delivery of freight and goods; transport management systems provides visibility into day-to-day transportation operations; and transportation management systems helps to streamline shipping process.

Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy: The study recommended that companies should automate their scheduling process this will lead to fewer interventions by the management and therefore lowering any chances of delays. The study also suggests that companies can embrace the technology of Radio Frequency Identifications in boosting up their performance in regard to effectiveness and efficiency of manufacturing and performance of supply chain


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Dr. Patrick Karanja Ngugi, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology




Aberdeen Group (2015). Inbound transportation management, industrial best practices, Analyst Insight-Aberdeen Group,1-6.

Ajiboye, A.O (2017). The impact of transportation on agricultural production in a developing country: a case of kolanut production in Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 20(2).

Bureau of Transport Economics (2011). The Economic Significance of the Australian Logistics Industry. Retrieved from https://austlogistics.com.au/wp-content.

Cheema, R. (2011). Effect of RFID on Organizational Performance: The Mediating Role of Supply Chain Performance. Retrieved from https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper.

Cozzolino, A. (2012). Humanitarian logistics and supply chain management. In humanitarian logistics, Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Euromonitor. (2015). Kenya's fats and oils. Retrieved from


Goldsby, T. J., (2014). The Critical Role of Transportation in Business and the Economy, Financial Times Press, 1 Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, USA, NJ

Havenga, J. H., Van Eeden, J. & Simpson, Z. (2010). The Centre for Supply Chain Management Cost Model. Stellenbosch. Unpublished internal project documentation.

Kandie, K. (2014). Sustained Investments In Electricity Needed To Power The Economy. Economic Review

Karia,L. & Wong, K. .(2011). assessment of the associational advantage of logistic service that manufacturers perceive in SC. IJPE, 132(1), 58-67.

Kasilingam, R.G. (2010). Logistics and transportation. Great Britain: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Kenyan Association of Manufacturers (KAM)(2017). Ten policy priorities for transforming manufacturing and creating jobs in Kenya. Retrieved from, http://www.kam.co.ke/Docs/

Kenyon, . N., & Meixell, M.J. (2011). Success Factors And Cost Management Strategies For Logistics Outsourcing. Journal Of Management & Marketing Research, 7, 1-17.

Kiraga, R. (2014). Transport management practices and logistics performance of humanitarian organizations in Kenya. unpublished MBA Project, University of Nairobi

Li, S. & Visich, J.K. (2006). Radio frequency identification: Supply chain impact and implementation challenges. International Journal of Integrated Supply Management, 2(4), 407-424

Mandrinos, S. (2014). International practices of FMCG products: research on PDO products: Greece's feta cheese.

Michaelides, R. (2010). Optimization Of Logistics Operations Using Gps Technology Solutions: A Case Study. University of Liverpool.

Miheso, S. C. (2013). Adoption of Integrated Financial Management Information System (ifmis) By The National Government In Kenya. Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi.

Miller, R. (2010). Inventors Control: Theory and Practice. New Jersey: Prentice Hall

Mitullah, W. & Odek , P.(2010). Employment Creation in Agriculture & Agro"Processing Sector in Kenya in the Context of Inclusive Growth: Political Economy & Settlement Analysis. Partnership for African Social and Governance Research Working Paper No. 020, Nairobi, Kenya.

Njambi, E., &Katuse, P. (2013). 3PL in efficiency of delivery for competitive advantage of Kenya's FMCG organizations. International Journal of Social Sciences and Entrepreneurship, 1(8), 15-27.

Nyaga, J. (2014). Aspects that affect the distribution of FMCG in Kenya: EEA. Journal of Social Sciences and Entrepreneurship, 1(12), 290-302.

Ochonma, O. E. (2010) Procurement and supply chain management -emerging concepts, strategies and challenges: ISBN 978-978-909-288-8

Rantasila, K. (2010). Measuring national logistics costs: designing a generic model for assessing national logistics costs in global context. Turku School of Economics Master's Thesis. Retrieved from http://info.tse.fi/julkaisut/Thesis2010/12927.pdf.

Republic of Kenya, (2014). Economic Survey 2014. Nairobi, Kenya: Kenya National Bureau of Statistics.

Sandberg, E., & Abrahamsson, M. (2011). Logistics capabilities for sustainable competitive advantage. International Journal of Logistics: Research & Applications, 14(1), 61-75.

Seuring, S. & M. Muller, M. (2010). From a literature review to a conceptual framework for sustainable supply chain management. Journal of cleaner production, 16 (15) 1699-1710

Stock J.R. & Lambert, D.M. (20101). Strategic Logistic Management. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Tukamuhabwa, B. R., Eyaa, S., & Friday, D. (2011). Interest Rate Caps around the World Still Popular, but a Blunt Instrument. Policy Research Working Paper, 1(1).

Wacuka, K. (2015). Association between management of inventory and performance of SC of FMCG. Masters Dissertation, University of Nairobi.

Wambui, K. (2015). Relationship between lean management practices and supply chain performance of FMCG. Masters Dissertation, University of Nairobi.

Wang, Z. & Sarkis, J. (2013). Investigating the relationship of sustainable supply chain management with corporate financial performance. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 62(8), 871-888.

Wasamba, I. O. (2008). Strategies applied by manufactures dealing FMCG in motivating their members: Kenya's supermarkets. Thesis, University of Nairobi, Nairobi.

Wasonga, P. (2012). Factors that affect perception of consumers of manufacture's dealing with FMCG in EAC; Laundries detergent products.

Wilson, J.A. (2017). Unfree shipping: the racialization of logistics labour. Work Organization, Labour & Globalization, 13(1), 96-113

Wisner, J. D, Tan, K-C., & Leong, G. K. (2012). Principles of supply chain management: a balanced approach (3rd edition). Mason, Ohio: South-Western Cengage Learning.




How to Cite

Muhalia, E. ., Ngugi, P. . ., & Moronge, . M. . (2021). EFFECT OF TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS ON SUPPLY CHAIN PERFORMANCE OF FMCG IN KENYA. American Journal of Supply Chain Management, 6(1), 1 – 12. https://doi.org/10.47672/ajscm.644