RECREATION ACTIVITIES THAT HAVE THE GREATEST NEGATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCE ATTRIBUTES IN NATIONAL PARKS OF CENTRAL KENYA

Authors

  • Benson Gathoni University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
  • Dr. Simon P. Munayi University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
  • Janet Chumba University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47672/ajes.923

Keywords:

recreation activities, environmental impact, environmental resource, national parks

Abstract

Purpose: Recreation sites and parks are exposed to degradation unless stringent conservation measures are undertaken. Recreational activities undertaken by visitors such as; camping, hiking and climbing, game driving, bird watching, bicycling, mountain biking, game viewing, and picnicking among others put huge pressure on the parks resources. The aim of the study is to determine the recreation activities that have the greatest negative environmental impact on environmental resource attributes in national parks of central Kenya.

Methodology: The descriptive survey research design was used. The study was conducted in the two designated national parks in Central Kenya region: Mt. Kenya and Aberdares. Stratified random sampling was used to ensure that the KWS and KFS officers in managerial, tour guide, maintenance, and security levels were represented.

Results: Two hundred and sixty three 263(79.9%) responded to the questionnaires by completely filling and returning them. Descriptive statistics that included frequencies and percentages were used to organize and summarize the data. Tables and bar charts were drawn to present the collected data. Independent Sample T-test was conducted to compare the mean of the visitors and staff on the perceived effect of recreation activities on environmental resource attributes. It is only on soil where the two groups were found to be significantly different ( (visitors) =2.14, staff) =1.50, t=6.06, df =233, p<0.001).

Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy: The study therefore concluded that parks environmental resource attributes are negatively affected by recreation activities in the national parks in the Central Kenya region. Through monitoring of conditions, managers will be able to more clearly identify when specific impacts have become so pronounced as to demand management attention.

Author Biographies

Benson Gathoni, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

Department of Physical Education and Sport

Dr. Simon P. Munayi , University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

Department of Physical Education and Sport

Janet Chumba, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

Department of Physical Education and Sport

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Published

2022-01-31

How to Cite

Gathoni, B. ., Munayi , S. P. ., & Chumba, J. . (2022). RECREATION ACTIVITIES THAT HAVE THE GREATEST NEGATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCE ATTRIBUTES IN NATIONAL PARKS OF CENTRAL KENYA. American Journal of Environment Studies, 5(1), 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.47672/ajes.923

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