THE INFLUENCE OF MALE ADOLESCENT REBELLION ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Authors

  • Jane Macharia Moi University
  • Dr. Mulambula M Shikuku Moi University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47672/ajep.23

Keywords:

male adolescent, rebellion, academic performance, public secondary schools

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine influence of male adolescent rebellion on academic performance in public secondary schools in Kiambu district.

Methodology: The study used ex-post facto research design. Stratified sampling was used to select the participants in the study. Schools were stratified into single sex and co-education schools.  Systematic sampling using the class lists was used to identify the students who constituted the sample. The research instruments were the students’ questionnaire, the deputy principal’s and the teacher counsellor’s interview guide. The sample constituted 240 male students, six deputy principles and six teacher counselors. A pilot study was done to pre-test the research instruments so as to estimate their reliability and validity. Data collected was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The findings were presented using descriptive and inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics included, frequency distribution, means, bar graphs, and tabulated according to the research objectives. Inferential statistics used included Chi Square and pearson correlation to test the hypotheses at 90% and 95% level of confidence; correlation coefficient was used to measure the strength of linear relationship between the variables of the study.

Results: The results indicated that there was no statistically significant relationship between adolescent rebellion and academic performance

Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy: The study came up with a model that is recommended to schools for adoption by guidance and counselling teachers to help create awareness and understanding to both the students and parents with the aim of improving or bettering their relationship, academic performance and prevent rebellion in public secondary schools.

Author Biographies

Jane Macharia, Moi University

Post Graduate Student

Dr. Mulambula M Shikuku, Moi University

Senior Lecturer, School of Education

References

Babbie, E. R. (2004). The Basics of Social Research. Belmonte, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.

Biu, T. (2011). Violence in Schools: Causes and Potential Solutions. Nairobi: Evangel.

Carole, A. & Karen, K. (1997). Parenting: A Lifespan Perspective. NY: McGraw-Hill.

Changalwa, C. N. (2010). The Relationship Between Parenting Style and Alcohol Abuse Among College Students: A Case of Kaimosi Teachers College, Vihiga District, Kenya. Moi University, Eldoret, Unpublished M.Phil thesis

Dennis, C. (2004). Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior (10th Ed.). Wadsworth: Thomson Learning.

Harter, S. (1999). The Construction of The Self: A Developmental Perspective. NY: Guilford.

John, P.H., Lance, D. Erikson, H., & Karen, R. S. (2013). Modelling Association Between Academic Achievement and Deliquency: An Application of International Theory. Criminology, vol 51, 3, 639-660.

Kariuki, N. S., Aloka, P. J., Kinai, T., Gatimu, N. H., Ndeke, F. N. (2014). Relationship between adolescent’s perceptions of their parents’ behaviors and youths’ non illegal and minor- illegal delinquency in Nairobi secondary schools, Kenya. Journal of social science, Vol 5, 7.

Kimathi, W. L. (2012). Influence of Drugs and Substance on Students Performance in KCSE in Igembe Meru. Unpublished Masters of Education Thesis, Kenyatta University.

Kinai, T. (2002). Relationship between Parental Behavior towards Adolescents and Their Manifest aggression. Kenyatta University, Unpublished Phd thesis.

Kinai, T. (2002). Relationship between Parental Behavior towards Adolescents and Their Manifest aggression. Kenyatta University, Unpublished Phd thesis.

Lester, M. (1993). Psychology (2nd Ed). Iowa: Brown & Benchmark.

Marcia, J. E. (1966). Development and Validation of Ego Identity Status among Different Groups in Kenya. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3, 551-558.

Mugenda, O. M., & Mugenda, A. G. (2003). Research Methods: Qualitative and Qualitative Approaches. Nairobi: Acts Press.

Musuikuya, J. (2006, 26th September). Indiscipline in Schools. Kenya Times, Nairobi, 6, Col 1-3.

Nancy, J. (2001). The Child: Infants, Children and Adolescents. California: Mayfield.

Narina, N., Debra, P. and Warren, A. (2007). The Story of Human Development. Upper Saddle NJ: Prentice Hall.

Ngare, P. (2000, 23rd February). “Hundreds Out of School in Central”. East African Standard, Nairobi, pp 8, Col 4-5.

Ngwiri, L.N. (2008). Powerful Parenting: What Every Parent Should Know. Nairobi: Printpack

Njenga, F. (2010). What is Wrong With this Child? Nairobi: Oxford University Press.

Njoroge, P. M. & Ann, N. N. (2014). Discipline as a factor in Academic Performance in Kenya. Journal of Educational and Social Research, vol, 4, 1.

Nualnong, W., Paul,R., Anthony, H.W. (2014). The Influence of Protective and Risk Factors in Individual, Peer and School Domains on Thai Adolescents’ Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use: A Survey. Journal of Addictive Behaviors, vol 39,10,1447-1451.

Okorodudu, G. N. (2010). Influence of Parenting Styles on Adolescent Delinquent in Delta Central Senatorial District. Delta State University, Unpublished MA thesis.

Onancha, E. (2007 8th July). “Bullying in Schools is Unacceptable”. East African Standard, Nairobi, pp 6, Col 5.

Onyasimi, B. (2006, 20th May). “Let’s Find Solution to Bullying in Schools”. Kenya Times, Nairobi, pp 10, Col 2-4.

Philip R. N. & Barbara, M. N. (1986). Adolescent Development. Columbus: Merril Publishing Company.

Piaget, J. & Inhelder, B. (1956). The Child’s Conception of Space. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Stapley, J.C., & Haviland, J. M. (1989).Beyond Depression: Gender Differences in Normal Adolescents’ Emotional Experiences. Sex Roles, 20,295-308.

Wangui, B. (2008). Alarm Over High Boy School Dropout in Central. Standard, Nairobi, pp 21, Col 1-5.

Wesang’ula, M. John, O. & Eric, K. (2011). Perceived Home Factors Contributing to Violent Behavior Among Public Secondary School Students in Western Province, Kenya. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, vol 2(1), 30-40.

World Bank, (2002). Opening Doors: Education and the World Bank. Washington DC: World Bank.

Babbie, E. R. (2004). The Basics of Social Research. Belmonte, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.

Biu, T. (2011). Violence in Schools: Causes and Potential Solutions. Nairobi: Evangel.

Carole, A. & Karen, K. (1997). Parenting: A Lifespan Perspective. NY: McGraw-Hill.

Changalwa, C. N. (2010). The Relationship Between Parenting Style and Alcohol Abuse Among College Students: A Case of Kaimosi Teachers College, Vihiga District, Kenya. Moi University, Eldoret, Unpublished M.Phil thesis

Dennis, C. (2004). Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior (10th Ed.). Wadsworth: Thomson Learning.

Harter, S. (1999). The Construction of The Self: A Developmental Perspective. NY: Guilford.

John, P.H., Lance, D. Erikson, H., & Karen, R. S. (2013). Modelling Association Between Academic Achievement and Deliquency: An Application of International Theory. Criminology, vol 51, 3, 639-660.

Kariuki, N. S., Aloka, P. J., Kinai, T., Gatimu, N. H., Ndeke, F. N. (2014). Relationship between adolescent’s perceptions of their parents’ behaviors and youths’ non illegal and minor- illegal delinquency in Nairobi secondary schools, Kenya. Journal of social science, Vol 5, 7.

Kimathi, W. L. (2012). Influence of Drugs and Substance on Students Performance in KCSE in Igembe Meru. Unpublished Masters of Education Thesis, Kenyatta University.

Kinai, T. (2002). Relationship between Parental Behavior towards Adolescents and Their Manifest aggression. Kenyatta University, Unpublished Phd thesis.

Kinai, T. (2002). Relationship between Parental Behavior towards Adolescents and Their Manifest aggression. Kenyatta University, Unpublished Phd thesis.

Lester, M. (1993). Psychology (2nd Ed). Iowa: Brown & Benchmark.

Marcia, J. E. (1966). Development and Validation of Ego Identity Status among Different Groups in Kenya. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3, 551-558.

Mugenda, O. M., & Mugenda, A. G. (2003). Research Methods: Qualitative and Qualitative Approaches. Nairobi: Acts Press.

Musuikuya, J. (2006, 26th September). Indiscipline in Schools. Kenya Times, Nairobi, 6, Col 1-3.

Nancy, J. (2001). The Child: Infants, Children and Adolescents. California: Mayfield.

Narina, N., Debra, P. and Warren, A. (2007). The Story of Human Development. Upper Saddle NJ: Prentice Hall.

Ngare, P. (2000, 23rd February). “Hundreds Out of School in Central”. East African Standard, Nairobi, pp 8, Col 4-5.

Ngwiri, L.N. (2008). Powerful Parenting: What Every Parent Should Know. Nairobi: Printpack

Njenga, F. (2010). What is Wrong With this Child? Nairobi: Oxford University Press.

Njoroge, P. M. & Ann, N. N. (2014). Discipline as a factor in Academic Performance in Kenya. Journal of Educational and Social Research, vol, 4, 1.

Nualnong, W., Paul,R., Anthony, H.W. (2014). The Influence of Protective and Risk Factors in Individual, Peer and School Domains on Thai Adolescents’ Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use: A Survey. Journal of Addictive Behaviors, vol 39,10,1447-1451.

Okorodudu, G. N. (2010). Influence of Parenting Styles on Adolescent Delinquent in Delta Central Senatorial District. Delta State University, Unpublished MA thesis.

Onancha, E. (2007 8th July). “Bullying in Schools is Unacceptable”. East African Standard, Nairobi, pp 6, Col 5.

Onyasimi, B. (2006, 20th May). “Let’s Find Solution to Bullying in Schools”. Kenya Times, Nairobi, pp 10, Col 2-4.

Philip R. N. & Barbara, M. N. (1986). Adolescent Development. Columbus: Merril Publishing Company.

Piaget, J. & Inhelder, B. (1956). The Child’s Conception of Space. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Stapley, J.C., & Haviland, J. M. (1989).Beyond Depression: Gender Differences in Normal Adolescents’ Emotional Experiences. Sex Roles, 20,295-308.

Wangui, B. (2008). Alarm Over High Boy School Dropout in Central. Standard, Nairobi, pp 21, Col 1-5.

Wesang’ula, M. John, O. & Eric, K. (2011). Perceived Home Factors Contributing to Violent Behavior Among Public Secondary School Students in Western Province, Kenya. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, vol 2(1), 30-40.

World Bank, (2002). Opening Doors: Education and the World Bank. Washington DC: World Bank.

Babbie, E. R. (2004). The Basics of Social Research. Belmonte, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.

Biu, T. (2011). Violence in Schools: Causes and Potential Solutions. Nairobi: Evangel.

Carole, A. & Karen, K. (1997). Parenting: A Lifespan Perspective. NY: McGraw-Hill.

Changalwa, C. N. (2010). The Relationship Between Parenting Style and Alcohol Abuse Among College Students: A Case of Kaimosi Teachers College, Vihiga District, Kenya. Moi University, Eldoret, Unpublished M.Phil thesis

Dennis, C. (2004). Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior (10th Ed.). Wadsworth: Thomson Learning.

Harter, S. (1999). The Construction of The Self: A Developmental Perspective. NY: Guilford.

John, P.H., Lance, D. Erikson, H., & Karen, R. S. (2013). Modelling Association Between Academic Achievement and Deliquency: An Application of International Theory. Criminology, vol 51, 3, 639-660.

Kariuki, N. S., Aloka, P. J., Kinai, T., Gatimu, N. H., Ndeke, F. N. (2014). Relationship between adolescent’s perceptions of their parents’ behaviors and youths’ non illegal and minor- illegal delinquency in Nairobi secondary schools, Kenya. Journal of social science, Vol 5, 7.

Kimathi, W. L. (2012). Influence of Drugs and Substance on Students Performance in KCSE in Igembe Meru. Unpublished Masters of Education Thesis, Kenyatta University.

Kinai, T. (2002). Relationship between Parental Behavior towards Adolescents and Their Manifest aggression. Kenyatta University, Unpublished Phd thesis.

Kinai, T. (2002). Relationship between Parental Behavior towards Adolescents and Their Manifest aggression. Kenyatta University, Unpublished Phd thesis.

Lester, M. (1993). Psychology (2nd Ed). Iowa: Brown & Benchmark.

Marcia, J. E. (1966). Development and Validation of Ego Identity Status among Different Groups in Kenya. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3, 551-558.

Mugenda, O. M., & Mugenda, A. G. (2003). Research Methods: Qualitative and Qualitative Approaches. Nairobi: Acts Press.

Musuikuya, J. (2006, 26th September). Indiscipline in Schools. Kenya Times, Nairobi, 6, Col 1-3.

Nancy, J. (2001). The Child: Infants, Children and Adolescents. California: Mayfield.

Narina, N., Debra, P. and Warren, A. (2007). The Story of Human Development. Upper Saddle NJ: Prentice Hall.

Ngare, P. (2000, 23rd February). “Hundreds Out of School in Central”. East African Standard, Nairobi, pp 8, Col 4-5.

Ngwiri, L.N. (2008). Powerful Parenting: What Every Parent Should Know. Nairobi: Printpack

Njenga, F. (2010). What is Wrong With this Child? Nairobi: Oxford University Press.

Njoroge, P. M. & Ann, N. N. (2014). Discipline as a factor in Academic Performance in Kenya. Journal of Educational and Social Research, vol, 4, 1.

Nualnong, W., Paul,R., Anthony, H.W. (2014). The Influence of Protective and Risk Factors in Individual, Peer and School Domains on Thai Adolescents’ Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use: A Survey. Journal of Addictive Behaviors, vol 39,10,1447-1451.

Okorodudu, G. N. (2010). Influence of Parenting Styles on Adolescent Delinquent in Delta Central Senatorial District. Delta State University, Unpublished MA thesis.

Onancha, E. (2007 8th July). “Bullying in Schools is Unacceptable”. East African Standard, Nairobi, pp 6, Col 5.

Onyasimi, B. (2006, 20th May). “Let’s Find Solution to Bullying in Schools”. Kenya Times, Nairobi, pp 10, Col 2-4.

Philip R. N. & Barbara, M. N. (1986). Adolescent Development. Columbus: Merril Publishing Company.

Piaget, J. & Inhelder, B. (1956). The Child’s Conception of Space. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Stapley, J.C., & Haviland, J. M. (1989).Beyond Depression: Gender Differences in Normal Adolescents’ Emotional Experiences. Sex Roles, 20,295-308.

Wangui, B. (2008). Alarm Over High Boy School Dropout in Central. Standard, Nairobi, pp 21, Col 1-5.

Wesang’ula, M. John, O. & Eric, K. (2011). Perceived Home Factors Contributing to Violent Behavior Among Public Secondary School Students in Western Province, Kenya. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, vol 2(1), 30-40.

World Bank, (2002). Opening Doors: Education and the World Bank. Washington DC: World Bank.

Babbie, E. R. (2004). The Basics of Social Research. Belmonte, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.

Biu, T. (2011). Violence in Schools: Causes and Potential Solutions. Nairobi: Evangel.

Carole, A. & Karen, K. (1997). Parenting: A Lifespan Perspective. NY: McGraw-Hill.

Changalwa, C. N. (2010). The Relationship Between Parenting Style and Alcohol Abuse Among College Students: A Case of Kaimosi Teachers College, Vihiga District, Kenya. Moi University, Eldoret, Unpublished M.Phil thesis

Dennis, C. (2004). Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior (10th Ed.). Wadsworth: Thomson Learning.

Harter, S. (1999). The Construction of The Self: A Developmental Perspective. NY: Guilford.

John, P.H., Lance, D. Erikson, H., & Karen, R. S. (2013). Modelling Association Between Academic Achievement and Deliquency: An Application of International Theory. Criminology, vol 51, 3, 639-660.

Kariuki, N. S., Aloka, P. J., Kinai, T., Gatimu, N. H., Ndeke, F. N. (2014). Relationship between adolescent’s perceptions of their parents’ behaviors and youths’ non illegal and minor- illegal delinquency in Nairobi secondary schools, Kenya. Journal of social science, Vol 5, 7.

Kimathi, W. L. (2012). Influence of Drugs and Substance on Students Performance in KCSE in Igembe Meru. Unpublished Masters of Education Thesis, Kenyatta University.

Kinai, T. (2002). Relationship between Parental Behavior towards Adolescents and Their Manifest aggression. Kenyatta University, Unpublished Phd thesis.

Kinai, T. (2002). Relationship between Parental Behavior towards Adolescents and Their Manifest aggression. Kenyatta University, Unpublished Phd thesis.

Lester, M. (1993). Psychology (2nd Ed). Iowa: Brown & Benchmark.

Marcia, J. E. (1966). Development and Validation of Ego Identity Status among Different Groups in Kenya. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3, 551-558.

Mugenda, O. M., & Mugenda, A. G. (2003). Research Methods: Qualitative and Qualitative Approaches. Nairobi: Acts Press.

Musuikuya, J. (2006, 26th September). Indiscipline in Schools. Kenya Times, Nairobi, 6, Col 1-3.

Nancy, J. (2001). The Child: Infants, Children and Adolescents. California: Mayfield.

Narina, N., Debra, P. and Warren, A. (2007). The Story of Human Development. Upper Saddle NJ: Prentice Hall.

Ngare, P. (2000, 23rd February). “Hundreds Out of School in Central”. East African Standard, Nairobi, pp 8, Col 4-5.

Ngwiri, L.N. (2008). Powerful Parenting: What Every Parent Should Know. Nairobi: Printpack

Njenga, F. (2010). What is Wrong With this Child? Nairobi: Oxford University Press.

Njoroge, P. M. & Ann, N. N. (2014). Discipline as a factor in Academic Performance in Kenya. Journal of Educational and Social Research, vol, 4, 1.

Nualnong, W., Paul,R., Anthony, H.W. (2014). The Influence of Protective and Risk Factors in Individual, Peer and School Domains on Thai Adolescents’ Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use: A Survey. Journal of Addictive Behaviors, vol 39,10,1447-1451.

Okorodudu, G. N. (2010). Influence of Parenting Styles on Adolescent Delinquent in Delta Central Senatorial District. Delta State University, Unpublished MA thesis.

Onancha, E. (2007 8th July). “Bullying in Schools is Unacceptable”. East African Standard, Nairobi, pp 6, Col 5.

Onyasimi, B. (2006, 20th May). “Let’s Find Solution to Bullying in Schools”. Kenya Times, Nairobi, pp 10, Col 2-4.

Philip R. N. & Barbara, M. N. (1986). Adolescent Development. Columbus: Merril Publishing Company.

Piaget, J. & Inhelder, B. (1956). The Child’s Conception of Space. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Stapley, J.C., & Haviland, J. M. (1989).Beyond Depression: Gender Differences in Normal Adolescents’ Emotional Experiences. Sex Roles, 20,295-308.

Wangui, B. (2008). Alarm Over High Boy School Dropout in Central. Standard, Nairobi, pp 21, Col 1-5.

Wesang’ula, M. John, O. & Eric, K. (2011). Perceived Home Factors Contributing to Violent Behavior Among Public Secondary School Students in Western Province, Kenya. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, vol 2(1), 30-40.

World Bank, (2002). Opening Doors: Education and the World Bank. Washington DC: World Bank.

Babbie, E. R. (2004). The Basics of Social Research. Belmonte, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.

Biu, T. (2011). Violence in Schools: Causes and Potential Solutions. Nairobi: Evangel.

Carole, A. & Karen, K. (1997). Parenting: A Lifespan Perspective. NY: McGraw-Hill.

Changalwa, C. N. (2010). The Relationship Between Parenting Style and Alcohol Abuse Among College Students: A Case of Kaimosi Teachers College, Vihiga District, Kenya. Moi University, Eldoret, Unpublished M.Phil thesis

Dennis, C. (2004). Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior (10th Ed.). Wadsworth: Thomson Learning.

Harter, S. (1999). The Construction of The Self: A Developmental Perspective. NY: Guilford.

John, P.H., Lance, D. Erikson, H., & Karen, R. S. (2013). Modelling Association Between Academic Achievement and Deliquency: An Application of International Theory. Criminology, vol 51, 3, 639-660.

Kariuki, N. S., Aloka, P. J., Kinai, T., Gatimu, N. H., Ndeke, F. N. (2014). Relationship between adolescent’s perceptions of their parents’ behaviors and youths’ non illegal and minor- illegal delinquency in Nairobi secondary schools, Kenya. Journal of social science, Vol 5, 7.

Kimathi, W. L. (2012). Influence of Drugs and Substance on Students Performance in KCSE in Igembe Meru. Unpublished Masters of Education Thesis, Kenyatta University.

Kinai, T. (2002). Relationship between Parental Behavior towards Adolescents and Their Manifest aggression. Kenyatta University, Unpublished Phd thesis.

Kinai, T. (2002). Relationship between Parental Behavior towards Adolescents and Their Manifest aggression. Kenyatta University, Unpublished Phd thesis.

Lester, M. (1993). Psychology (2nd Ed). Iowa: Brown & Benchmark.

Marcia, J. E. (1966). Development and Validation of Ego Identity Status among Different Groups in Kenya. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3, 551-558.

Mugenda, O. M., & Mugenda, A. G. (2003). Research Methods: Qualitative and Qualitative Approaches. Nairobi: Acts Press.

Musuikuya, J. (2006, 26th September). Indiscipline in Schools. Kenya Times, Nairobi, 6, Col 1-3.

Nancy, J. (2001). The Child: Infants, Children and Adolescents. California: Mayfield.

Narina, N., Debra, P. and Warren, A. (2007). The Story of Human Development. Upper Saddle NJ: Prentice Hall.

Ngare, P. (2000, 23rd February). “Hundreds Out of School in Central”. East African Standard, Nairobi, pp 8, Col 4-5.

Ngwiri, L.N. (2008). Powerful Parenting: What Every Parent Should Know. Nairobi: Printpack

Njenga, F. (2010). What is Wrong With this Child? Nairobi: Oxford University Press.

Njoroge, P. M. & Ann, N. N. (2014). Discipline as a factor in Academic Performance in Kenya. Journal of Educational and Social Research, vol, 4, 1.

Nualnong, W., Paul,R., Anthony, H.W. (2014). The Influence of Protective and Risk Factors in Individual, Peer and School Domains on Thai Adolescents’ Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use: A Survey. Journal of Addictive Behaviors, vol 39,10,1447-1451.

Okorodudu, G. N. (2010). Influence of Parenting Styles on Adolescent Delinquent in Delta Central Senatorial District. Delta State University, Unpublished MA thesis.

Onancha, E. (2007 8th July). “Bullying in Schools is Unacceptable”. East African Standard, Nairobi, pp 6, Col 5.

Onyasimi, B. (2006, 20th May). “Let’s Find Solution to Bullying in Schools”. Kenya Times, Nairobi, pp 10, Col 2-4.

Philip R. N. & Barbara, M. N. (1986). Adolescent Development. Columbus: Merril Publishing Company.

Piaget, J. & Inhelder, B. (1956). The Child’s Conception of Space. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Stapley, J.C., & Haviland, J. M. (1989).Beyond Depression: Gender Differences in Normal Adolescents’ Emotional Experiences. Sex Roles, 20,295-308.

Wangui, B. (2008). Alarm Over High Boy School Dropout in Central. Standard, Nairobi, pp 21, Col 1-5.

Wesang’ula, M. John, O. & Eric, K. (2011). Perceived Home Factors Contributing to Violent Behavior Among Public Secondary School Students in Western Province, Kenya. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, vol 2(1), 30-40.

World Bank, (2002). Opening Doors: Education and the World Bank. Washington DC: World Bank.

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Published

2016-09-30

How to Cite

Macharia, J., & Shikuku, D. M. M. (2016). THE INFLUENCE OF MALE ADOLESCENT REBELLION ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS. American Journal of Education and Practice, 1(1), 34 - 48. https://doi.org/10.47672/ajep.23

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