Effects of divorce in the church: a case study of selected CITAM churches in Kenya (CITAM Valley Road, CITAM Woodley, CITAM Ngong)

Authors

  • Elias Juma Simiyu Africa International University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47672/ejpcr.779

Keywords:

effects of divorce, church, CITAM churches

Abstract

Purpose: The church is expected to contribute to the stable marriage and ensure that it has put measures in place that will reduce the rate of divorce as much as possible.  The purpose of the paper is to determine the effects of divorce in the selected churches of CITAM in Kenya. The objectives is to establish whether divorce has any effect on the psychological wellbeing of  children and spouses affected, some of the causes of divorce, and the role of CITAM in reducing divorce in the church.

Methodology: The paper adopted qualitative research methods to obtain in-depth information on the situation. The study used a descriptive research design and the target population of the research was 100 church members who have undergone the divorce, from which the researcher was able to obtain a sample of 27 participants through the saturated sampling technique. The data was collected using interviews. The data was analyzed using QDA miner lite 2.0.7. The data was presented using tables and charts.

Results: Some of the causes of divorce include infidelity, variation in expectations, communication breakdown, and lack of support system, finances, in-laws, abuse and wrong orientations to marriage. CITAM should enhance support to families and enhance premarital counselling. Divorce causes psychological problems to divorced spouses and children and also causes stigmatization.

Recommendations: The church needs to diversify means in which its members are empowered on how to embrace God’s teaching much more than their tradition or culture. The church members are aware of the biblical teaching that discourages them from divorce and therefore the church needs to diversify means by which they live according to God’s word which is the pillar for every marriage. The church needs to improve its premarital counseling as this is the building block of marriage. The church should also intentionally have professional counselors who have experience in marital issues and who will not mislead those who come for help in the church. The church needs to develop programs that can support church members who find themselves in troubled marriages by coming up with counseling programs that identifies with the affected church members.

Author Biography

Elias Juma Simiyu, Africa International University

Masters student (Theology),

Finance Officer, Christ is The Answer Ministries (CITAM)

References

Acquah, Maxwell Kobina. 2012. The Church - Is Not What You Think. Ghana: Lulu.com.

Alexander, Edward. Mazlish, Bruce. 2017. Leader, the Led, and the Psyche: Essays in Psychohistory. London: SAGE.

Anthony, Michael J., Warren S. Benson, Eldridge, and Gorman, eds. 2001. Evangelical Dictionary of Christian Education. Baker Reference Library. Grand Rapids, Mich: Baker Academic.

Bailey, Helen, and Jason Upton. 2018. Loving Each Other Safely. La Vergne: EBookIt.com. https://public.ebookcentral.proquest.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=5902902.

Bhasin, K. n.d. “Education for Women’s Empowerment Some Reflections.” Adult Educational Department Number 38, no. March.

Blowers, Paul M. 2019. Moral Formation and the Virtuous Life. Fortress Press.

Boele-Woelki, Katharina. 2005. Common Core and Better Law in European Family Law. New York: Intersentia nv.

Boraas, and Paul J. Achtemeier, eds. 1985. Harper’s Bible Dictionary. San Francisco: Harper & Row.

Brandon, Rehnelt. 2016. The Effects of Divorce on Children. London: SAGE.

Buser, Trevor J, Pamela S Lassiter, and Kathleen Brown-Rice. 2019. Annual Review of Addictions and Offender Counseling. Best Practices Volume IV Volume IV. Eugene, Oregon: Resource Publications. https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&db=nlabk&AN=2024781.

Carson, D. A . 1984. “Matthew” in Matthew, Mark, Luke. Frank E. Gaebelein. Vol. Volume 8. The Expositor’s Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids, Mich: Zondervan.

Chekanov, Sergei V. 2010. Scientific Data Analysis Using Jython Scripting and Java. USA: Springer Science & Business Media.

Chitando, Anna, Joseph Chikowero, and Angeline M. Madongonda. 2015. The Art of Survival: Depictions of Zimbabwe and the Zimbabwean in Crisis. United Kingdom: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Christiansen, Freddy Bugge. 2014. Theories of Population Variation in Genes and Genomes. Princeton; Oxford: Princeton University Press. https://doi.org/10.1515/9781400866656.

Creswell, John W. 2007. Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches. London: SAGE.

Das, Chaitali. 2016. British-Indian Adult Children of Divorce Context, Impact and Coping. London: Taylor and Francis.

Elwell, Walter A., ed. 1988. Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House.

Everett, Craig, and Richard Jenks. 2018. Divorce, Annulments, and the Catholic Church: Healing or Hurtful?. Florence: Routledge. http://public.ebookcentral.proquest.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=5582854.

Ferguson, Sinclair B., David F. Wright, and J. I. Packer, eds. 1988. New Dictionary of Theology. The Master Reference Collection. Downers Grove, Ill: InterVarsity Press.

Fishwick, Paul A. 2012. Knowledge based simulation methodology and application. New York: Barcelona Springe.

Gatrell, Jay D., Gregory D. Bierly, and Ryan R. Jensen. 2012. Research Design and Proposal Writing in Spatial Science: Second Edition. 2nd ed. Netherlands: Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2281-1.

Geddes, Gordon, Jane Griffiths, and Joanne Cleave. 2010. Christianity: Behaviour, Attitudes and Lifestyles. Oxford: Heinemann.

Grove, Susan K, and Jennifer Gray. 2019. Understanding Nursing Research: Building an Evidence-Based Practice. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier.

Gua, Mulago, and Cikala Musharhamina. 1985. Traditional African Marriage and Christian Marriage. Uganda: St. Paul Publications.

Heffernan, Thomas M. 2008. A Student’s Guide to Studying Psychology. United Kingdom: Psychology Press.

Houser, Janet. 2018. Nursing Research: Reading, Using, and Creating Evidence. Burlington, Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Jr, John Witte, and Gary S. Hauk. 2017. Christianity and Family Law: An Introduction. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Justus, Mugambi. 2009. Five Decades Of God’s Faithfulness. Evangel Publishing House.

Kendrick, Stephen. 2013. The Love Dare. B&H publishing group.

Kennedy, Sheela, and Steven Ruggles. 2014. “Breaking Up Is Hard to Count: The Rise of Divorce in the United States, 1980–2010.” Demography 51, no. 2: 587–98. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13524-013-0270-9.

King, Nigel, and Christine Horrocks. 2010. Interviews in Qualitative Research. London: SAGE.

Konieczny, Mary Ellen. 2016. “Individualized Marriage and Family Disruption Ministries in Congregations: How Culture Matters.” Sociology of Religion 77, no. 2: 144–70. https://doi.org/10.1093/socrel/srw010.

Kore, Danfulani. 1995. Culture and the Christian Home. Jos: ACTS.

Kunhiyop, Samuel Waje. 2008. African Christian Ethics. Nairobi, Kenya: Word Alive Publishers, Text.

Lunenburg, Frederick C, Beverly J Irby, and Beverly J Irby. 2014. Writing a Successful Thesis or Dissertation: Tips and Strategies for Students in the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Mars, Frantz. 2014. Seeking Love, Marriage And Family: How To Reach Happiness. New York: Xlibris Corporation. http://www.vlebooks.com/vleweb/product/openreader?id=none&isbn=9781499005905.

Mathis, Dale, and Susan Mathis. 2012. Countdown for Couples: Preparing for the Adventure of Marriage. Carol Stream, Ill: Tyndale House Publishers, Incorporated Focus on the Family. https://www.hoopladigital.com/title/11283578.

McPhee, Peter. 2015. A Companion to the French Revolution. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley Blackwell.

Mehta, Gaurav. 2015. Universal’s Master of Guide to Judicial Service Examinations. New Delhi, India: Universal Law Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.

Mugambi, Justus. 2009. Five Decades of God’s Faithfulness: The Amazing Story of Christ Is the Answer Ministries. Nairobi, Kenya: Evangel Pub. House.

Mungai, Christine. n.d. “Divorce Rate Goes up among Young Couples.” The Standard. Accessed December 20, 2019. https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/article/2001241240/soaring-divorce-cases-and-the-politics-of-marriage.

Murthy, S. N., and U. Bhojanna. 2009. Business Research Methods. New Delhi: Excel Books India.

Njoroge, Peter. 2020. CITAM divorcee group. London: SAGE.

O’Donovan, Wilbur. 2000. Biblical Christianity in Modern Africa. UK: Paternoster Press.

Odukoya, Bimbo. 2010. Communication in Relationships. Xulon Press.

Oyeka, Sylvester. 2015. Challenges of Christian Marriage in African Culture. AuthorHouse.

Polit, Denise F., and Cheryl Tatano Beck. 2008. Nursing Research: Generating and Assessing Evidence for Nursing Practice. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Rassieur, CharlesL. 2014. Pastor, Our Marriage Is in Trouble: A Guide to Short-Term Counseling. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. https://public.ebookcentral.proquest.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=1665783.

Richard, James W. 1986. “The Church and Divorce.” The American Journal of Theology 10, no. 3: 452–74.

Richards, Lawrence O., ed. 1990. The Applied Bible Dictionary. United Kingdom: Kingsway Publications.

Rissman, Rebecca. 2013. What Is a Family? London: Raintree.

Samuel waje. 2008. African Christian Ethics. Nairobi, Kenya.: WordAlive Publishers.

Segrin, Chris, and Jeanne Flora. 2019. Family Communication. New York, NY: Routledge.

Shaner, Leslie Ann, American Bar Association, and Section of Family Law. 2010. Divorce in the Golden Years: Estate Planning, Spousal Support, and Retirement Issues for Clients at Midlife and Beyond. Chicago: ABA, Section of Family Law.

Stromquist, Nelly P. 2014. Women in the Third World an Encyclopedia of Contemporary Issues. Hoboken: Routledge, Taylor and Francis.

Suresh, Sharma. 2016. Nursing Research and Statistics. New Delhi, India: Universities Press.

Tenney, Merrill C., and J. D. Douglas, eds. 1987. New International Bible Dictionary. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.

Tsuma, Dorothy Medza, and Odek Wando Atony. 2019. “The Role of the Church in Addressing Divorce at the Africa Inland Church, Nairobi County, Kenya.” Journal of Sociology, Psychology & Religious Studies 1, no. 1: 56–70.

Vanclay, Frank, James T. Baines, and C. Nicholas Taylor. 2013. “Principles for Ethical Research Involving Humans: Ethical Professional Practice in Impact Assessment Part I.” Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 31, no. 4: 243–53.

Vanhoozer, Kevin J., Craig G. Bartholomew, Daniel J. Treier, and N. T. Wright, eds. 2005. Dictionary for Theological Interpretation of the Bible. London : Grand Rapids, Mich: SPCK ; Baker Academic.

Whitaker, Casey. 2009. Have You Not Read? London: SAGE.

Wolfinger, Nicholus. 2005. Understanding the Divorce Cycle. London: SAGE.

Downloads

Published

2021-08-23

How to Cite

Simiyu, E. J. . (2021). Effects of divorce in the church: a case study of selected CITAM churches in Kenya (CITAM Valley Road, CITAM Woodley, CITAM Ngong). European Journal of Philosophy, Culture and Religion, 5(1), 10 - 30. https://doi.org/10.47672/ejpcr.779

Issue

Section

Articles