American Journal of Psychology 2022-06-24T15:38:41+03:00 Journal Admin Open Journal Systems <p>American Journal of Psychology is a high factor journal accredited for its vital pool of knowledge and informative articles published by AJPO. The journal extends its knowledge in the field of psychological science perspectives. Among the areas of psychology include biological, learning, cognitive, psychoanalytic and sociocultural perspectives. The journal takes pride in its fast and low-cost publication and moreover features in the Google scholar for easy referencing and access by search engines. The low-cost publication enable even the upcoming researchers to be in a position to afford the publication in this journal. The journal also allows the free access to scholarly journals which makes it useful in referencing in other related studies. 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The published journals serve as reliable templates for other authors in preparations and publication of their articles.</p> Phonemic Awareness as a Determinant of Reading Abilities of Children with Reading Disabilities in the Buea Municipality, South West Region of Cameroon 2022-06-24T15:38:41+03:00 Ambei Ruhama Faizefu <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> This study was aimed at examining phonemic awareness as a determinant of reading abilities of children with reading disabilities in the Buea Municipality, South West Region of Cameroon</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> This Study Was Based on the Premise That Phonemic Awareness Has Been Identified As The best early indicator of a learner’s reading potentials because it sets the stage for phonics, and literacy. A quasi-experimental design was adopted for the study with 14 participants, 7 in the experimental group and 7 in the control group. A pre-test and post-test were administered to the children before and after the intervention. The instrument used for data collection was a phonemic awareness test that constituted elements of reading, sound identification, deletion of the first phoneme, deletion of the second phoneme, initial phoneme identification and final phoneme identification. Data was analyzed using EpiData Version 3.1 Cohen’s d test and Cramer’s V test.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> Results indicated that the phonemic awareness has a significant effect on the reading abilities of children with reading disabilities, this was based on the mean difference of the pre-test (11.37) and post-test (15.17) giving a mean difference of 3.8 with a paired sample t-test of 2.844 giving a significant value of P= 0.05. The study concluded that effective instructions through the development of a child’s ability to understand how individual phonemes can be manipulated and arranged to create words can stop and repair the learning gap and can impart the skills an older reader missed in the earlier grades.</p> <p><strong>Recommendation:</strong> Based on the findings, it was recommended that teachers should be more inclusive in their handling of students’ .Also, parents should be encourage to help children back at home to develop reading skills.</p> 2022-06-24T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 American Journal of Psychology The psychological impact and perception of COVID -19 pandemic on pregnant women presenting to a tertiary care hospital, KPK, Pakistan. 2022-04-17T22:19:31+03:00 Laila Zeb Tanveer Shafqat Syeda Sitwat Fatima <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>To determine the psychological impact and perception of covid -19 pandemic on pregnant women presenting to a tertiary care hospital, KPK, Pakistan.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>An observational cross-sectional study was conducted on pregnant women in the outpatient department of Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar from 1<sup>st</sup> February 2020 to 31<sup>st</sup> March 2021. All pregnant women (n=424) visiting gynae OPD who fulfilled the inclusion/exclusion criteria were included. The questionnaire was filled out by physicians for patients and the Kessel-10 scale was used to classify the anxiety.</p> <p><strong>Findings: </strong>Fifty one 51% females fall in the 19-25 years age group. 54.5% were illiterate with most of the women (94.6%) being housewives. The majority of the 424 women in the study were multiparous (59%) and 59.1% presented in their third trimester. The highest number of patient women in the age group 19-25 years suffered mild distress. Moderate stress was found in 54 women. In all age groups, a total of 11 patients suffered severe psychological distress. 144 women reported having no stress.&nbsp; Nulliparous women were 109 in total and most of them had either mild disorder (n=54) or no stress at all (n=48). the majority of ladies who were housewives stated that they have been mildly stressed (n=208) or not stressed at all (n=139). A total of 11 women had faced severe stress. 247 women had third-trimester pregnancies and most of them (n=129) had mild stress. Severe distress affected 8 of the third-trimester women and 3 of the 2nd-trimester women. Most women (71.9%) believed that elective Cesarian surgery is not better than vaginal delivery during the covid -19 pandemic. COVID-19 pandemic has created anxiety in more than half (53%) of pregnant women visiting OPDs. The literacy rate and occupational status of women had little effect on the occurrence of psychological distress.</p> <p><strong>Recommendations:</strong> Strict SOPs must be observed in hospitals and pregnant women should receive counseling regarding their fears and anxiety from medical care-takers. More studies are needed to measure mental health challenges in pregnant and postpartum women, as well as the resilience and risk factors associated with beneficial outcomes, to attenuate the pandemics' long-term mental health impacts.</p> 2022-04-17T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 American Journal of Psychology THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIAL SUPPORT, INTERNALIZED STIGMA OF MENTAL ILLNESS AND RECOVERY ATTITUDE AMONG PATIENTS WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA IN MAIDUGURI 2022-04-27T20:17:03+03:00 Falmata Baba Shettima Musa Abba Wakil Isa Bukar Rabbebe Hauwa Ahmed Kudale Sadique Kwajaffa Pindar <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> Social support strengthening and hope inspiration about recovery may mitigate stigma of mental illness. The study explored on the level of social support as well as the relationship of social support with internalized stigma and recovery attitude among patients with schizophrenia. &nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Through a cross-sectional design and a convenience sampling method, 282 participants with a diagnosis of schizophrenia completed the study. They were interviewed with the Internalized stigma of Mental illness (ISMI) Scale, Oslo-3 Social Support Scale and Recovery Attitude Questionnaire (RAQ-16). The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 18 was used for data entry and analysis and Pearson’s correlation analysis was used to assess for the relationship of social support with internalized stigma and recovery attitude.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> Perceived social support was moderate to low in majority of the participants (87.5%). The mean scores for social support, internalized stigma and recovery attitude were 3.111 (± 0.748), 2.580 (± 0.245) and 3.561 (± 0.355) respectively.&nbsp; Social support significantly and negatively correlated with internalized stigma on the domains of stereotype endorsement (r=-0.270; p-0.000), positively correlated with the stigma resistance subscale (r=0.568; p-0.000) and recovery attitude (r=0.428; p-0.000). A negative correlation between recovery attitude and internalized stigma was observed on the domains of stereotype endorsement (r=-0.249; p-0.000) and stigma resistance (r=0.299; p-0.000).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The study showed a high level of perceived low to moderate social support and perceived social support both correlated to internalized stigma and recovery attitude.</p> <p><strong>Recommendations:</strong> The outcome of this study indicates that strengthening the social support network may enhance positive recovery attitude and mitigate internalized stigma of mental illness. Therefore, there is need to design and adopt mental health intervention that simultaneously targets stigma, promotes recovery attitude and strengthens social support in the overall treatment plan of individuals living with severe mental illness.</p> 2022-04-27T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 American Journal of Psychology